Questions & Answers regarding Animals & Nature
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Q: Is it permissible to use a Leather balm or saddle soap to nourish leather of saddles and other items of tack that contains 'Neatsfoot Oil?'
A: 'Neatsfoot Oil' is pure and permissible to use.
Q: One cannot be certain as to whether the Neatsfoot oil used in the saddle soaps is derived from cattle or pigs. Would it then still be permissible to use the product?
A: If one cannot ascertain the source of Neatsfoot oil and there is a possibility it would be derived from pigs, then it is compulsory to abstain from using the oil.
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
Checked and Approved by: Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
Q. Is it permissible to use live bait for fishing?
A. Unnecessarily causing pain to a creature is not permitted, which is why many Ulamā classify the usage of live bait as impermissible. Some experts feel that worms do not feel pain, even when put onto a hook. If this is really the case, then there would be leeway in using live bait. However, due to the contradictory reports from the scientists, one may only use artificial bait.
Q. Is hunting for leisure permissible if the meat is eaten?
A. Hunting is not permissible if it is done solely to have fun and pass time, as this is to take a life without need. However, if one hunts for the meat, then such hunting is permissible. Hence, one should rectify his intention that he is hunting to benefit from the animal provided by Allāh Ta’ālā.
Q. What are the rules for Hunting an animal whether by bow or rifle, in order to ensure that it is done correctly.
A. The Fuqahā (Jurists) have stipulated the following conditions for the validity of Halāl hunting:
a. The hunter must be Muslim.
b. The animal must die due to the wound caused by the arrow or bullet.
c. The wound must be caused by the penetration of the arrow or bullet into the body of the animal. Hence, it would be advised that a bullet with a pointed-tip be used, due to the difference of opinion on the matter. A shotgun should not be used, especially when hunting weak animals like birds etc, as the force of the pellets striking the body could be the cause of death and not the penetration, rendering it haram.
d. Tasmiyah (The name of Allāh) must be recited at the time of releasing the arrow or bullet.
e. The hunter must continuously pursue the animal after shooting if the animal disappears from his vision.
f. Upon arriving by the wounded animal, if the animal has sufficient life remaining, it must be slaughtered in accordance with the Islāmic Laws of Slaughter and Dhabīhah.
g. The animal being hunted must be an animal that is wild by nature and is able to escape from human beings such as a deer, wild rabbits etc. Otherwise, animals not wild by nature and are unable to escape humans such as goats, sheep and cows etc. must be slaughtered and not hunted. And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Checked and Approved by, Mufti Husain Kadodia.
Q. Is it permissible to put down an animal that has a contagious disease, however it has no physical signs of illness nor is it suffering but it is evident through blood tests. One wishes to put it down out of fear of it spreading to other animals?
A. There is an academic debate on the concept of contagious diseases being contagious by itself. It is our belief that everything happens with the will of Allah Ta’ala including the spread of contagious disease. However, there is no debate on the contagious diseases spreading through means and association. That is, one animal may get affected with the disease and sickness of another animal due to being in one stable. Again, it is our belief that sickness through association and means is ultimately with the will of Allah Ta’ala. Almighty Allah has put effect in the means in this world.
With regards to the question in the enquiry, if the animal is suffering and a contagious sickness is detected, then we advise to separate that animal from other animals. This will obviously require some sacrifice, which is an act of virtue and great reward. As such, it will not be permissible to put down an animal based on the fear of its sickness being contagious.
Dung of Animals on clothing
Q. If the dung or urine of a herbivore animal gets onto ones clothing, is it regarded as impure and is it permissible to read Salaah with such clothing?
A. A herbivore animal is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to plant material. These animals have an all plant diet and have characteristics that are special to obtain plant material. The urine of a herbivore animal is termed as najasat-e- khafeefah (lower form of impurity) in Islam.
In principle, if najasat-e-khafeefah (lower form of impurity) soils one clothing to the extent of one quarter on any specific portion of the clothing, for example, the sleeve or collar etc, then such a person’s Salah will be invalid. If the urine soils less than a quarter of any portion of the clothing, then Salah will be valid. If the soiled portion cannot be washed due to circumstances, then the Salah will not be makrooh (disliked). If the soil portion could be washed and one performed Salah with such clothing, then Salah will be makrooh (disliked). With regards to the dung of an herbivore animal, it is najasat-e- galeeza (higher form of impurity). If this kind of impurity soils ones clothing, then such a person’s Salah will be valid as long as it does not reach the size of a dirham. The size of a dirham would be the size of the inner palm of the hand. If it exceeds the size limit of one dirham then Salah will be invalid. However, it is best to remove the impurity or change ones clothing before praying Salah. And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best.
Checked and Approved by: Mufti Ebrahim Desai.
Q. Is it permissible to use healing methods for animals by 'Animal or Horse whisperers?' Where there is no direct medication given but the healer converses directly with the animal - even from a distance? One is unaware as to what method is used.
A: Animal whisperers communicate with animals using the concept of intuition and telepathy. This ability to intuitively communicate is a deep form of what is understood from the Arabic term ‘firāsah’. Animal whisperers therefore communicate emotionally and mentally with the animals they treat to diagnose illnesses or decipher feelings the animals are experiencing. Their conclusions have the possibility of being correct or incorrect. This being the case, there is no problem in consulting animal whisperers or attending their communication sessions for treating or diagnosing illnesses in animals and pets or for training them. And Allah Taʿālā Knows Best.
Checked and Approved by Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Females & Horse Riding
Q: Is it permissible for Women to ride Horses in Islam?
A: For women to ride horses is permissible in privacy. There must be NO men present. If you wish to have female trainers etc. then it must be for females ONLY. There must be a strict dress code otherwise it is not permissible even if the intention is noble.
Mufti A K Hoosen
Q. I heard that if I touch the dog, I cannot pray. Is this true?
A. All creatures are the creation of Allah Taãla and do deserve the recognition of being a creation of the Almighty. As much as Muslims detest even the sight of pigs - it is the creation of Allah Taãla - and because Allah has placed life into it, we cannot inflict pain nor torture the pig.
Similarly Allah Taãla created the dog from among His creation. This does not mean that we should love the dog. It is perhaps the indoctrination of the Western culture that 'The dog is Man's best Friend'. The theory that 'dogs are very dependent on Human affection' is a myth - again culture and custom has helped to develop this unnatural behaviour.
Allah Taãla the Creator of this Universe - having created the dog would surely have known that the dog requires Human affection and love to exist in this world. Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam) would have advised us to keep dogs as pets. On the contrary, we are instructed not to keep dogs as pets and 'love' them as exemplified by the non-Muslims. Remember our life is structured and bound by the Shariah i.e. The Noble Qurãn and the beautiful example of Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam). Consider these Ahaadith: Sayyidna Abu Talha (Radhiyallaahu Ánhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam) said, "Angels do not enter a house wherein there is a dog or an animate picture. (Sahih Bukhari Hadith no. 2986)
Sayyidna Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallaahu Ánhuma) reports from Sayyidna Maimoona (Radhiyallaahu Ánha) that once Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam) became sad; and said that Jibra'eel (Álayhis Salaam) promised to meet him at night but did not turn up. "By Allah what has kept him back," said the Prophet (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam). Then he realised a puppy was under his bed. He ordered that the puppy be removed and the area be sprinkled with water. In the afternoon when Jibra'eel (Álayhi Salaam) came, Rasulullah (Sallallaaahu Álayhi Wasallam) enquired as to the delay. Jibra'eel (Álayhi Salaam) said that we, the group of Angels do not enter a house wherein there is a dog or pictures. (Sahih Muslim Hadith no.3928)
In the light of these Ahaadith and other narrations it is not permissible to keep dogs as pets. The household is deprived of the Mercy of Allah Taãla.
However, Jurists have stated that it is permissible to keep a dog for security purposes, farming and hunting. The saliva of a dog is Najis (impure). If it touches the clothes or body, that portion also becomes impure and must be washed. And Allah Ta'ala Knows Best.
Mufti Ebrahim Desai http://tasawwuf.daralmahmood.org/
Q: Is it permissible to put a sick or suffering animal down?
A: It is permissible to put a sick or suffering animal down, it should be slaughtered with a sharp knife.
Q: Is it permissible to put an animal down if one simply can not afford to pay for its upkeep?
A: If one cannot pay for the upkeep of an animal, he should find someone else who can pay for the upkeep of the animal.
Q: Is it permissible to feed ones pets food which is not Halaal or has other animal derivatives in it?
A: It is not permissible to feed ones pet food with Haraam. And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best.
Checked and Approved by, Mufti Ebrahim Desai
Equestrian Questions & Answers